Psychotherapy

Psychotherapies

Short-term
Patient-type
Focus
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)
Patient-type Persistent maladaptive thoughts, avoidance behavior, must able to participate in weekly homework
Focus Identify and challenge maladaptive thoughts, change emotions and behavior coming from thoughts, behaviorial techniques: breathing, exposure, goal-setting, visualization
Interpersonal Therapy (IPT)
Patient-type Relationship conflicts, life-role transitions, grief
Focus “The here and now,” current relationships and conflicts. Specifically indicated for individuals with a major depressive episode.
Variable-term
Patient-type
Focus
Dialectical Behavioural Therapy (DBT)
Patient-type Borderline personality, self-harming
Focus Acceptance and change, emotional regulation, mindfulness, distress tolerance, manage self-harm, group therapy
Motivational Interviewing (MI)
Patient-type Substance use disorders
Focus Address ambivalence to change, non-judgmental, enhance motivation to change, acknowledge resistance
Long-term
Patient-type
Focus
Psychodynamic Therapy
Patient-type Higher functioning, persistent patterns of dysfunction, more neurotic
Focus Unconscious conflicts cause symptoms, explore past relationship/conflicts, use transference, break down defense mechanisms
Supportive Psychotherapy
Patient-type Lower functioning, in crisis, psychotic, cognitively impaired
Focus Therapist is the guide, reinforce coping skills, listen and foster understanding, build up adaptive defense mechanisms
Other
Patient-type
Focus
Mindfulness-Based Therapy
Patient-type Anyone
Focus Noticing the present, focusing on breathing and relaxation
Patient-type Focus
Short-term
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) Persistent maladaptive thoughts, avoidance behavior, must able to participate in weekly homework Identify and challenge maladaptive thoughts, change emotions and behavior coming from thoughts, behaviorial techniques: breathing, exposure, goal-setting, visualization
Interpersonal Therapy (IPT) Relationship conflicts, life-role transitions, grief “The here and now,” current relationships and conflicts. Specifically indicated for individuals with a major depressive episode.
Variable-term
Dialectical Behavioural Therapy (DBT) Borderline personality, self-harming Acceptance and change, emotional regulation, mindfulness, distress tolerance, manage self-harm, group therapy
Motivational Interviewing (MI) Substance use disorders Address ambivalence to change, non-judgmental, enhance motivation to change, acknowledge resistance
Long-term
Psychodynamic Therapy Higher functioning, persistent patterns of dysfunction, more neurotic Unconscious conflicts cause symptoms, explore past relationship/conflicts, use transference, break down defense mechanisms
Supportive Psychotherapy Lower functioning, in crisis, psychotic, cognitively impaired Therapist is the guide, reinforce coping skills, listen and foster understanding, build up adaptive defense mechanisms
Other
Mindfulness-Based Therapy Anyone Noticing the present, focusing on breathing and relaxation

Psychotherapy Tools and Resources

Psychologytools.comFree worksheets, audio, and books
Therapist Aid Free worksheets, videos, guides
“These mountains that you are carrying, you were only supposed to climb.” ― Najwa Zebian