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anxiety:substance-anxiety [2017/10/17 19:39]
admin
anxiety:substance-anxiety [2020/04/30 22:11] (current)
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 ====== Substance / Medication-Induced Anxiety Disorder ====== ====== Substance / Medication-Induced Anxiety Disorder ======
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 {{INLINETOC}} {{INLINETOC}}
 +
 ===== Primer ===== ===== Primer =====
 **Substance/​medication-induced anxiety disorder** is diagnosed after an individual uses a substance (e.g., a drug of abuse, a medication, or a toxin exposure) that leads to prominent symptoms of panic or anxiety. **Substance/​medication-induced anxiety disorder** is diagnosed after an individual uses a substance (e.g., a drug of abuse, a medication, or a toxin exposure) that leads to prominent symptoms of panic or anxiety.
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 == Criterion A == == Criterion A ==
 Panic attacks or anxiety is predominant in the clinical picture. Panic attacks or anxiety is predominant in the clinical picture.
 +
 == Criterion B == == Criterion B ==
 There is evidence from the history, physical examination,​ or laboratory findings of both (1) and (2): There is evidence from the history, physical examination,​ or laboratory findings of both (1) and (2):
   - The symptoms in Criterion A developed during or soon after substance intoxication or withdrawal or after exposure to a medication   - The symptoms in Criterion A developed during or soon after substance intoxication or withdrawal or after exposure to a medication
   - The involved substance/​medication is capable of producing the symptoms in Criterion A   - The involved substance/​medication is capable of producing the symptoms in Criterion A
 +
 == Criterion C == == Criterion C ==
-The disturbance is not better explained by an anxiety disorder that is not substance/ medication-induced. Such evidence of an independent anxiety disorder could include the following:​ +The disturbance is not better explained by an anxiety disorder that is not substance/​medication-induced. Such evidence of an independent anxiety disorder could include the following:​ 
-  * The symptoms precede the onset of the substance/​medication use; the symptoms persist for a substantial period of time (e.g.about ''​1''​ month) after the cessation of acute withdrawal or severe intoxication:​ or there is other evidence suggesting the existence of an independent non-substance/​medication-induced anxiety disorder (e.g.a history of recurrent non-substance/​medication-related episodes).+  * The symptoms precede the onset of the substance/​medication use; the symptoms persist for a substantial period of time (e.g. about ''​1''​ month) after the cessation of acute withdrawal or severe intoxication:​ or there is other evidence suggesting the existence of an independent non-substance/​medication-induced anxiety disorder (e.g. a history of recurrent non-substance/​medication-related episodes). 
 == Criterion D == == Criterion D ==
 The disturbance does not occur exclusively during the course of a delirium. The disturbance does not occur exclusively during the course of a delirium.
 +
 == Criterion E == == Criterion E ==
 The disturbance causes clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational,​ or other important areas of functioning. The disturbance causes clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational,​ or other important areas of functioning.
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 == Specifiers == == Specifiers ==
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 </​accordion>​ </​accordion>​
  
 +===== Etiology =====
 +Common causes of a substance/​medication-induced anxiety disorder include recreational drugs such as cocaine, caffeine, amphetamines,​ amphetamines,​ and serotonergic drugs.
 ===== Resources ===== ===== Resources =====