September 2018 By


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cl:4-neurocog-disorder-due-to-medical [September 2018]
cl:4-neurocog-disorder-due-to-medical [September 2018] (current)
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 +====== Major/Mild Neurocognitive Disorder Due to Another Medical Condition ======
 +===== Primer =====
 +**Medical conditions** can cause major or mild neurocognitive disorders.
 +===== Diagnostic Criteria =====
 +<WRAP group>
 +<WRAP third column>
 +== Criterion A ==
 +The criteria are met for major or mild neurocognitive disorder.
 +<WRAP third column>
 +== Criterion B ==
 +There is evidence from the history, physical examination,​ or laboratory findings that the neurocognitive disorder is the pathophysiological consequence of another medical condition.
 +<WRAP third column>
 +== Criterion C ==
 +The cognitive deficits are not better explained by another mental disorder or another specific neurocognitive disorder (e.g., [[geri:​dementia:​alzheimers|Alzheimer’s disease]], [[cl:​hiv|HIV infection]]).
 +===== Medical Conditions ======
 +The temporal association between the onset or exacerbation of the medical condition and the development of the cognitive deficit offers the greatest support that the neurocognitive disorder is induced by the medical condition. Medical conditions include:
 +  * Structural lesions (e.g. - primary or secondary brain tumors, subdural hematoma, slowly progressive or normal-pressure hydrocephalus)
 +  * Hypoxia related to hypoperfusion from heart failure
 +  * Endocrine conditions (e.g., hypothyroidism,​ hypercalcemia,​ hypoglycemia)
 +  * Nutritional conditions (e.g., deficiencies of thiamine or niacin)
 +  * Other infectious conditions (e.g., neurosyphilis,​ cryptococcosis)
 +  * Immune disorders (e.g., temporal arteritis, systemic lupus erythematosus)
 +  * Hepatic or renal failure, metabolic conditions (e.g., Kufs' disease, adrenoleukodystrophy,​ metachromatic leukodystrophy,​ other storage diseases of adulthood and childhood)
 +  * Other neurological conditions (e.g., epilepsy, multiple sclerosis)
 +  * Unusual causes of central nervous system injury, such as electrical shock or intracranial radiation, are generally evident from the history