Differences

This shows you the differences between two versions of the page.

Link to this comparison view

Both sides previous revision Previous revision
Next revision
Previous revision
neurology:approach-aphasia [2020/06/29 19:06]
psychdb [Aphasic Speech]
neurology:approach-aphasia [2020/07/09 22:10] (current)
psychdb
Line 12: Line 12:
 When speech is impaired and not normal, it is called aphasic speech. Aphasias are first categorized as either fluent or non-fluent. They can then be further sub-characterized by whether there are deficits in repetition, comprehension,​ and naming. When speech is impaired and not normal, it is called aphasic speech. Aphasias are first categorized as either fluent or non-fluent. They can then be further sub-characterized by whether there are deficits in repetition, comprehension,​ and naming.
   * **Fluency**   * **Fluency**
-    * **Fluent**: Patient is able to produce connected speech. Sentence structure is relatively intact but lacks meaning. +    * **Fluent ​Aphasia**: Patient is able to produce connected speech. Sentence structure is relatively intact but lacks meaning. 
-    * **Non-fluent**:​ Speech production is halting and effortful. Grammar is impaired; content words may be preserved.+    * **Non-fluent ​Aphasia**: Speech production is halting and effortful. Grammar is impaired; content words may be preserved.
   * **Repetition**:​ Patient is able to repeat words over and over again   * **Repetition**:​ Patient is able to repeat words over and over again
   * **Language Comprehension**:​ Patient is able to understand the context and meaning behind sentences and words    * **Language Comprehension**:​ Patient is able to understand the context and meaning behind sentences and words 
Line 22: Line 22:
     * Neologisms: a completely new word (e.g. - "​bobfrest"​ instead "​tree"​)     * Neologisms: a completely new word (e.g. - "​bobfrest"​ instead "​tree"​)
     * Perseveration:​ returning to a same topic or word, over and over again     * Perseveration:​ returning to a same topic or word, over and over again
-  * Anomia+  ​* **Anomia**
     * Anomia is a symptom of all forms of aphasia, but patients whose primary deficit is word //​retrieval//​ are diagnosed with anomic aphasia. Some level of anomia is seen in all of the aphasias.     * Anomia is a symptom of all forms of aphasia, but patients whose primary deficit is word //​retrieval//​ are diagnosed with anomic aphasia. Some level of anomia is seen in all of the aphasias.
 +  * **Fluency Tasks**
 +    * Semantic fluency: is a task that involve producing words belonging to a predetermined semantic category (e.g. - animals, fruits and vegetables)
 +    * Phonemic fluency: is a task that involves producing words beginning with a given letter (e.g. - F, A and S being the most commonly)
 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
 <WRAP half column> <WRAP half column>
Line 43: Line 46:
  
 ==== Comparison Table ==== ==== Comparison Table ====
 +  * **Fluency**:​ the smoothness or flow in which sounds, syllables, words, and phrases are joined when speaking quickly
 +  * **Repetition**:​ (e.g. - "No ifs ands or buts" in the MMSE")
 +  * **Comprehension**:​ assesses understanding (e.g. - the 3-step command in MMSE)
 +  * **Naming**: (e.g. - naming watch, pen)
 +
 <panel type="​info"​ title="​Aphasia Syndromes"​ subtitle="​N = Normal or relatively spared, Imp = Impaired, * = with paraphasia, † = with echolalia"​ no-body="​true">​ <panel type="​info"​ title="​Aphasia Syndromes"​ subtitle="​N = Normal or relatively spared, Imp = Impaired, * = with paraphasia, † = with echolalia"​ no-body="​true">​
 ^ Aphasia ​                ^ Fluency ​  ^ Repetition ​ ^ Comprehension ​ ^ Naming ​  ^ ^ Aphasia ​                ^ Fluency ​  ^ Repetition ​ ^ Comprehension ​ ^ Naming ​  ^