Personality Disorders

Summary of Personality Disorders

Cluster A

(Odd, Eccentric)
Paranoid
Pervasive distrust or suspiciousness of others such that their motives are interpreted as malevolent. It is characterized by a pattern of distrust and suspiciousness of others.
Schizoid
Lack of interest in social relationships (and happy about it), a tendency towards a solitary or sheltered lifestyle, secretiveness, emotional coldness, and apathy. Usually begins by early adulthood.
Schizotypal
The central features of this disorder are pervasive patterns of “strange” or “odd” behavior, appearance, or “magical” thinking. There is no history of psychosis or schizophrenia.
Cluster B

(Dramatic, emotional, erratic)
Antisocial
There is a pattern of disregard for the rights of others and engagement in unlawful activities. They may have a superficial charm and be very deceptive.
Borderline
Essential features are instability of self-image, interpersonal relationships, and mood. There maybe uncertainty about sexual orientation, goals, types of friends, and self-image.
Histrionic
Flamboyant, attention-seeking, and display excessive emotions (may be shallow or shift rapidly). Typically, are attractive, seductive, also concerned with appearance.
Narcissistic
Grand sense of own importance and very sensitive to criticism. Rarely able to empathize with others. Characterized by arrogance, need for admiration, and tendency to exploit others.
Cluster C

(Anxious, fearful)
Avoidant
Timid and shy, they do wish to have friends, unlike schizoid patients. Because they are so uncomfortable and afraid of rejection or criticism, they avoid social contact.
Dependent
These patients fear separation and tend to be indecisive and unable to take the initiative. They have difficulty expressing disagreement because they fear abandonment.
Obsessive
Affected individuals are perfectionistic, inflexible, and unable to express warm, tender feelings. They are preoccupied with trivial details and rules and do not appreciate changes in routine.
Cluster A

(Odd, Eccentric)
Paranoid
Pervasive distrust or suspiciousness of others such that their motives are interpreted as malevolent. It is characterized by a pattern of distrust and suspiciousness of others.
Schizoid
Lack of interest in social relationships (and happy about it), a tendency towards a solitary or sheltered lifestyle, secretiveness, emotional coldness, and apathy. Usually begins by early adulthood.
Schizotypal
The central features of this disorder are pervasive patterns of “strange” or “odd” behavior, appearance, or “magical” thinking. There is no history of psychosis or schizophrenia.
Cluster B

(Dramatic, emotional, erratic)
Antisocial
There is a pattern of disregard for the rights of others and engagement in unlawful activities. They may have a superficial charm and be very deceptive.
Borderline
Essential features are instability of self-image, interpersonal relationships, and mood. There maybe uncertainty about sexual orientation, goals, types of friends, and self-image.
Histrionic
Flamboyant, attention-seeking, and display excessive emotions (may be shallow or shift rapidly). Typically, are attractive, seductive, also concerned with appearance.
Narcissistic
Grand sense of own importance and very sensitive to criticism. Rarely able to empathize with others. Characterized by arrogance, need for admiration, and tendency to exploit others.
Cluster C

(Anxious, fearful)
Avoidant
Timid and shy, they do wish to have friends, unlike schizoid patients. Because they are so uncomfortable and afraid of rejection or criticism, they avoid social contact.
Dependent
These patients fear separation and tend to be indecisive and unable to take the initiative. They have difficulty expressing disagreement because they fear abandonment.
Obsessive
Affected individuals are perfectionistic, inflexible, and unable to express warm, tender feelings. They are preoccupied with trivial details and rules and do not appreciate changes in routine.