Social Determinants of Health

Social Determinants of Health (SDOH) are the conditions in the environments where people are born, live, learn, work, play, worship, and age that affect a wide range of health, functioning, and quality-of-life outcomes and risks.[1] SDOH are particularly big influences on psychiatric disorders and mental health.

SDOH can be grouped into 5 domains:

  1. Economic Stability
  2. Education Access and Quality
  3. Health Care Access and Quality
  4. Neighbourhood and Built Environment
  5. Social and Community Context

Examples of SDOH include:

  • Safe housing, transportation, and neighbourhoods
  • Racism, discrimination, and violence
  • Education, job opportunities, and income
  • Access to nutritious foods and physical activity opportunities[2]
  • Polluted air and water
  • Language and literacy skills