Variable-term
Dialectical Behavioural Therapy (DBT)
Focuses on acceptance and change, emotional regulation, mindfulness, and distress tolerance. Indicated in: borderline personality and self-harm behaviours.
Family Therapy
Multi-person therapy for when symptoms are exacerbated by interpersonal interactions within the family. Indicated in: disruptive behaviour in children, eating disorders, and schizophrenia.
Group Therapy
One or more therapists work with several individuals simultaneously in a group setting, working through both the process and content of the group.
Motivational Interviewing (MI)
Addresses ambivalence to change using a non-judgmental stance, enhances motivation to change, and acknowledges resistance. Indicated in: substance use disorders.
Supportive Psychotherapy
The therapist is the guide, listens, understands, and reinforces coping skills and adaptive defense mechanisms. Indicated in: lower cognitive function, crisis, schizophrenia
Short-term
Brief (Short-term) Psychodynamic Psychotherapy
Brief (short-term) psychodynamic psychotherapy is a time-limited psychotherapy that focuses on troubling feelings or thoughts that interfere with relationships, communication, and/or functioning.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I)
Identifies and replace thoughts and behaviors that cause or worsen insomnia with habits that promote improved sleep.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)
Challenges maladaptive thinking patterns and changes emotions/behaviour coming from those thoughts. Indicated in: depression, anxiety, and psychosis.
Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT)
Challenges and changes unhelpful beliefs related to trauma to create a new conceptualization of traumatic events. Indicated in: PTSD.
Community Reinforcement Approach (CRA)
Uses familial, recreational, occupational, and social events to support a change in substance use behaviours.
Interpersonal Therapy (IPT)
Focuses on relationship conflicts, life-role transitions, and grief. Indicated in: depression.
Long-term
Psychodynamic Psychotherapy
Explores unconscious conflicts that cause symptoms and explores past relationships, transference, and defense mechanisms.
Other
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)
Uses commitment and behaviour change strategies to increase psychological flexibility.
Biofeedback
A treatment modality where patients use signals from the body (e.g. - heart rate, muscle tension, skin temperature, blood pressure) as a guide.
Mindfulness-Based Therapy
Focusing on and noticing the present as it is using breathing and relaxation techniques.
Trauma-Informed Care
An approach to therapy that takes into account the impacts of trauma in all aspects of a patient's care.