Short-term
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)
Challenges maladaptive thinking patterns and changes emotions/behaviour coming from those thoughts. Indicated in: depression, anxiety, and psychosis.
Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT)
Challenges and changes unhelpful beliefs related to trauma to create a new conceptualization of traumatic events. Indicated in: PTSD.
Interpersonal Therapy (IPT)
Focuses on relationship conflicts, life-role transitions, and grief. Indicated in: depression.
Variable-term
Dialectical Behavioural Therapy (DBT)
Focuses on acceptance and change, emotional regulation, mindfulness, and distress tolerance. Indicated in: borderline personality and self-harm behaviours.
Family Therapy
Multi-person therapy for when symptoms are exacerbated by interpersonal interactions within the family. Indicated in: disruptive behaviour in children, eating disorders, and schizophrenia.
Motivational Interviewing (MI)
Addresses ambivalence to change using a non-judgmental stance, enhances motivation to change, and acknowledges resistance. Indicated in: substance use disorders.
Supportive Psychotherapy
The therapist is the guide, listens, understands, and reinforces coping skills and adaptive defense mechanisms. Indicated in: lower cognitive function, crisis, schizophrenia
Long-term
Psychodynamic Psychotherapy
Explores unconscious conflicts that cause symptoms and explores past relationships, transference, and defense mechanisms.
Other
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)
Uses commitment and behaviour change strategies to increase psychological flexibility.
Biofeedback
A treatment modality where patients use signals from the body (e.g. - heart rate, muscle tension, skin temperature, blood pressure) as a guide.
Mindfulness-Based Therapy
Focusing on and noticing the present as it is using breathing and relaxation techniques.
Trauma-Informed Care
An approach to therapy that takes into account the impacts of trauma in all aspects of a patient's care.