March 2019 By

Interpersonal Therapy (IPT)

Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT) is a structured and manual-based treatment that targets the social and interpersonal context of an individual's illness. The therapy focuses on the “here and now” and deals with grief, dysfunctional relationships, interpersonal conflicts, and role transitions. IPT is specifically indicated for individuals with an ongoing episode of depression.

Events in interpersonal relationships do not cause depression. However, depression occurs within an interpersonal context and affects relationships and the roles of people within those relationships. By addressing interpersonal issues, interpersonal therapy for depression puts emphasis on the way symptoms are related to a person's relationships, including family and peers.

The immediate goals of treatment are rapid symptom reduction and improved social adjustment. The long-term goal is to enable those with depression to make their own needed adjustments. This allows patients to better cope with and reduce depressive symptoms.